Specializing in tasks makes the members of the group more dependent on each other while being able to create better chances to survive and enhance living conditions as a group and as individuals. Specializing does not only mean that the tasks at hand can be done more efficiently and effectively but also prompts a continuous process of improvement.

“Specialization necessitates exchange”

Specialization and exchange come hand in hand: like two parts of the same coin. Without exchange the individuals are not able to specialise nor will they be able to reap the communal fruits of specialisation. Exchange brings in rules, standards, trust and, at some point in time, conceptions like market places and money. These are all various types of collaboration mechanisms.

“Exchange leads to distribution of collaborability”

When two or more people collaborate the results of the collaboration are, through exchange, split over the persons directly and indirectly involved. In many exchanges the amount of collaborability used in the collaboration is not discounted fully or the results of the collaboration can be split in accordance to what the individuals have contributed. Whilst a collaboration can lead to a rise in collaborability available to others every exchange will add to the spread of wealth and collaborability over the members of a society. Some of the persons involved are able to get a bigger share then others and negative effects can often be passed on to third parties (diseconomies). As a result Collaborability, as is wealth, is not evenly spread.